The designation of food products with the name of their place of production or origin, is almost as old as the existence of such sale and exchange markets of agricultural products practice. These Appellations of Origin (DO) are a recognition of Regional, National and International levels of a food product, to be produced in a particular geographical environment with few natural characteristics and specific weather, with raw materials from that environment or a historical and traditional systems development, has a proven quality and prestige.
Given the varied climatic, natural and cultural practices even different conditions of Tenerife has five OJ, which correspond to as many geographical wine regions.
The first of the O.D. it is created on the island is the wine region Tacoronte-Acentejo , in 1992. The region is located in the northeast of the island, consisting of the municipalities of Santa Cruz, San Cristobal La Laguna, El Rosario, Tegueste, Tacoronte, El Sauzal, La Matanza de Acentejo, La Victoria de Acentejo, St. Ursula and the Anaga sub-zone. This region represents the most densely cultivated area of vineyards in the Canary Islands. Usually, the vine is planted in terraces on north-facing slopes and the sea. The soil is clayey, rich and fertile.
Two years later, in 1994, it constitutes the OJ Ycoden-Daute-Isora , which covers the vast region northwest of Tenerife, being a geographical transition zone between the north and south of the island. The municipalities that compose it are San Juan de la Rambla, La Guancha, Icod, Garachico, El Tanque, Los Silos, Buenavista del Norte, Santiago del Teide and Guía de Isora. The vineyards are affirmed on ash floors and badlands. Vine cultivated plots are small and steep, so most of the work is done by hand.
In that same year, 1994, approving the creation and the OJ Orotava Valley , consisting of the districts of La Orotava, Los Realejos and Puerto de la Cruz in the north island. In this wine region soils are light, permeable, rich in minerals and slightly acidic. In her white and red wines almost in the same proportion they are produced and to a lesser amount, pink. The winegrowers have practiced for generations, a culture system for their own original vines: Multiple cord twisted trunks in a long cord, which can reach up to 15 meters in a straight line.
The next, year 1995, approving the IO Güímar Valley . It is in the southeast of the island and includes the municipalities of Arafo, Candelaria and Güímar. The vineyard extends from areas near the coast to close to 1,500 meters altitude. The volcanic soil and the dominance of the trade mark’s distinctive essence of wine.
That same year, in May, it approved the IO Abona . The Denomination of Origin Abona includes the municipalities of Adeje, Arona, Vilaflor, San Miguel de Abona, Granadilla, Arico and Fasnia, in the south of the island. The vineyards of this region are grown mostly on lands chime (white volcanic ash) that produce very aromatic wines and great temperament.