In this era of agricultural prosperity, the port is crossroads of forces. The rugged island terrain, its geo-climatic diversity, its small districts and resource scarcity causes developing in the Island an interdependent port network that serves as an entry and exit of trade in the archipelago, which was dominated by wine .
The port of Garachico, as defined him Abreu Galindo in the sixteenth century, “classic port, like a horseshoe, to get very narrow you can not get more than a very Hondable however only within the port and ship is capable for many ships “. But Garachico had an advantage, its district (Daute) was rich in sugars and vineyards, which was consolidated as a key port in the wine trade in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. On May 5, 1706, a volcano throws on the spot the destructive lava. Garachico thus lost its harbor and its prosperity. Cove capacity was reduced by half and the Malvasías should seek other outlets, other ports.
In the port of La Orotava, today Puerto de la Cruz, there were the same circumstances as in Garachico, a poor natural conditions but a rich agricultural region. George Glass himself, famous traveler, told us, “this is a good port in summer, from early May to late October, but in winter the boats are forced to cast off and take to the sea …”. The port of La Orotava was one of the most important in the Canary Islands in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century, to the point that British consuls residing permanently in the port and not in Santa Cruz. The destruction of the port of Garachico favored the wine trade through this port.
The Santa Cruz vineyard space was small, it was limited to the small valley of San Andrés. However, it was considered at the time the key to the island, so that over the centuries became a major shipping port of canary wine.
In times of calm each year, of different coves and inlets of the island by boats leaving the small size of the wine Estates, some isolated, to be shipping ports. Examples are the known beaches Tachero and El Roque de Las Bodegas off the coast of Anaga.
Text adapted from Guimerá Ravina, A. Ports wine (paper)