Wine Routes

The vine was introduced in the Islands in the second half of the fifteenth century by the Spanish and Portuguese colonizers. Despite not knowing the wine, the Aboriginal population included in their diet drink molasses obtained from the fruit of mocán – tree endemic to the Canary Islands – called charcequen, which had for them magical powers of nature, medicinal and invigorating .

The settlers, from countries and cultures where the wine had a high value in the diet, bring their countries different strains to plant in the new lands that will inhabit, trying to get as soon as the quantities of wine they need and could supply shipments they received through the slow boats of the time.

Spaniards of all regions, Portuguese, French, Flemish, Genoese, planted their vines and try to obtain high quality wines, produced in a variety of Canary unobtainable in other wine growing areas.

Acclimatize vine and from the start of cultivation, thrives on the variety of climate and volcanic soils quality.

Varieties, mainly white grape, or allow to obtain senior generous wines that will soon be the subject of an important maritime trade.

The high quality obtained by the Malvasia wine, made with grapes of the same name, from the island of Candia arrival in Canary -but possibly through Madeira, where it was established since 1453- allows the creation of a new formula that enhances agricultural the economic situation of the islands.

The wine trade with Europe is concentrated in the Malvasia, London and Antwerp being the main destination ports, but were also frequent shipments to other European markets. The payment of such wines is done with goods and articles of luxury. A single word, like a certificate of guarantee, superior quality and origin defined: Sack or Canary.

The Canary Islands are a must for the conquest and colonization of America step, and from the beginning, the canary wine, the absence vine plantations in those lands, accompanying the settler. The Vidueños wines are required in large quantities by the new settlers and nothing easier than to supply the market from Tenerife. Caracas, La Guaira, Maracaibo and Santo Domingo, were some of the destinations of these sea crossings, like the Portuguese, Dutch and English colonies. Later will be the Malvasías wines that occupy a special place of privilege in such trade.

Growing colonization own navigation difficulties of the time, the distance of the ports of origin, and having to carry most important and most needed loads scarce wine made in America and also their storage conditions left much be desired, making it necessary to take branches from the Canary Islands for planting in America. Peru, Mexico and California were the gateways of European vineyards to the new world, spreading rapidly across the continent as colonization progressed.