In traditional culture systems, the type of employee pruning leads to excessive elongation of strains along the years, which makes the relationship between the production and the area occupied is very low.
The traditional system of growing vines in Tenerife, coupled with the island terrain, requires a lot of manpower that is increasingly scarce due to better job prospects offered by the services sector, which has absorbed an important part of Young workers in recent decades.
Mainly seeking greater economic benefits, the late sixties begin using metal structures on the island as a support in the cultivation of the vine. These drive systems significantly reduce the labor required during cultivation, as it eliminates the work of appeal and raised, typical of the traditional cropping system. These drive systems increases the chances of mechanization, producing an overall improvement in plant health, facilitate the different tillage and no use of forest material. In short, these drive systems increase the profitability of the crop and reduce the impacts on our forests.
In the Trellis system it develops in the vineyard vertical plane and arranged in lines or streets. When planting design must take into account the direction of the prevailing winds and guide lines so that the incidence of sunlight is optimized.
Parral formations consist of a metal structure that supports a network of horizontal wires, on which the vegetation grows. Unlike in the case of the trellis, the vegetation is arranged in horizontal plane, so that the incidence of solar radiation is independent of direction of planting lines, allowing better use acreage, particularly if it is irregular. Also, the horizontal layout adopt this system allows driving on farms that is not advisable to install trellis by the frequent occurrence of winds, since in this case the exposed surface is lower. It also allows multiple design variations in their height and inclination.
In the system of gobelet the support structure is simplified to the maximum because it reduces the use of a tutor who serves to tie the branches as a spindle, once they have done the work of pruning. The most commonly used in most holdings is available online or streets. In this system the planting densities are superior to traditional by reducing the distance between plants. Despite these planting densities substantially higher than those of traditional cultivation, saving labor involved in this drive system it is significant, because it eliminates the work of appeal and raised in the vineyard and, arranged in streets and focus production next to the trunk, they are facilitated others as cellars, vintage and phytosanitary treatments.